Swollen, infected, and inflamed nasal cavities are all signs of getting a sinus infection. Medically called rhinosinusitis, this infection is usually caused by a virus, however in a few cases, bacteria or fungus may also cause it.
Let’s examine the causes of sinus infection and its symptoms in detail.
What are the Sinuses?
A sinus is a hollow and air-filled cavity. In this article, we’ll be examining the open cavities present in the skull and connecting the nasal airway by an ostium. The four main types of cavities we’ll focus on include:
- Frontal sinus (present in the forehead),
- Maxillary sinus (present behind the cheeks),
- Ethmoid sinus (present between the eyes), and
- Sphenoid sinus (present behind the ethmoids).
What are the Symptoms of a Sinus Infection?
Pain in your Sinuses
The most typical indication that you have sinus infection is feeling extreme pain in the four major sinuses located above and below your eyes and behind your nose. In fact, due to inflammation and swelling, your forehead, sides of your nose, upper jaws, and teeth may also ache.
If you have to blow your nose often because of nasal discharge that’s cloudy, green, or yellow, you may have sinusitis. Usually, your infected sinus is responsible for this discharge. So, if this problem persists, you may need to get in touch with your doctor.
Inflamed sinuses make it difficult for you to smell or taste like an average person. It’ll also make it difficult for you to breathe properly. Moreover, your voice can sound all ‘stuffy’ and abnormal. If these are the symptoms you’re facing, you may need to visit the doctor to get tested for sinusitis.
Swollen sinuses can also lead to headaches, earaches, toothache, and jaw/cheek pains. You’ll mainly experience terrible headaches in the morning because your body’s been collecting fluids all night.
Throat Irritation and Cough
When the discharge from your sinus leaks to the back of your throat, it causes irritation over a period. Subsequently, you may also experience a continuous and irritating cough while lying down or getting up from your bed.
Sleeping well can be a struggle due to this symptom. However, you can sleep upright or elevate your head to sleep comfortably.
Throat pain is a common symptom after you get the post-nasal drip (or the secretions from the nose that drain into the throat). Though it starts as an annoying tickle, it can quickly escalate into something much worse. If your infection and symptoms last for more than a few weeks, the mucus can irritate your throat, and you may end up getting a sore throat and hoarse voice.
When to See a Doctor for Sinusitis?
There are two types of sinusitis infections: acute and chronic. Acute sinusitis often cures itself over time. However, sometimes, if self-care doesn’t work, you might need to visit the doctor.
If you’re suffering from sinus symptoms for more than a week or these symptoms, come up more than a few times a week, a visit is needed. Signs that your sinus infection is getting worse are fever, more pain or spread in the pain area, no relief from over-the-counter medications, and more nasal discharge.
Based on the stage of your sinus, you might even need to get sinus surgery in Hyderabad. Even if it comes to that, your surgery would be completely safe and effective.